Viktor Orbán Biography, Wiki, Career, Wife, Children, Net Worth 2023

Viktor Orbán, born on May 31, 1963, is a Hungarian politician. He has been the prime minister of Hungary since 2010, and he was also in this role from 1998 to 2002. He leads a political group called Fidesz, which he has been part of since 1993, except for a short break from 2000 to 2003.

Orbán studied at a university called Eötvös Loránd University, where he learned about law, and he also spent a bit of time studying at the University of Oxford.

He got into politics after the events of 1989 when countries around Hungary were changing their systems. He became known in Hungary for a speech he gave in 1989, asking the Soviet troops to leave Hungary.

Viktor Orbán

When communism ended in Hungary in 1989, he became a member of the National Assembly and led Fidesz’s group there until 1993. Under his leadership, Fidesz changed its views from being center-right and pro-European to being more right-wing and nationalistic.

Orbán’s first time as prime minister, from 1998 to 2002, was mostly focused on the economy and Hungary’s entry into a group called NATO. He was the leader of the opposition from 2002 to 2010. In 2010, he was chosen as prime minister again.

During his second time as prime minister, he made significant changes to Hungary’s laws and constitution, including some changes in 2013.

He also dealt with challenges like the European migrant crisis, issues with a university called CEU, and the COVID-19 pandemic in Hungary. He got reelected in 2014, 2018, and 2022, and in 2020, he became the longest-serving prime minister in Hungary’s history.

Orbán has been criticized for limiting the freedom of the press, weakening the independence of the courts, and not supporting a system where multiple political parties can freely participate.

Some experts believe that Hungary’s democratic values have declined during his time as leader. Orbán has also faced accusations of using the European Union’s money for his own interests and his allies, and his government has been called an autocracy.

Between 2010 and 2020, Hungary’s ranking in press freedom and democracy indexes dropped significantly.

Organizations that monitor these things have expressed concerns about the state of democracy in Hungary.

Orbán describes his policies as “illiberal Christian democracy.” Due to these policies, his political group, Fidesz, was suspended from a larger European political group in 2019 and later left it in 2021. In 2022, Orbán made controversial comments about race but later clarified that he was referring to cultures, not races.

During his time as leader, Hungary’s government has moved toward what he calls “illiberal democracy,” looking to countries like China, Russia, India, Singapore, Israel, and Turkey as models of governance.

He has also promoted skepticism about the European Union and Western democracy while seeking closer relationships with China and Russia.

Viktor Orbán Wikipedia Profile

Real name Viktor Orbán
Date of birth31 May 1963 
Age 60 years old
CareerPolitician
Lawyer
Wife Anikó Lévai 
ChildrenFlóra Orbán, Gáspár OrbánRáhel OrbánSára OrbánRóza Orbán
Education
PartyFidesz
ParentOrbán Győző, Erzsébet Sípos
Net worth$50 million

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Early Life

Orbán was born on May 31, 1963, in Székesfehérvár, to a family in the countryside. He was the oldest son of his parents Győző Orbán and Erzsébet Sípos. He has two younger brothers named Győző, Jr. and Áron.

His grandfather Mihály Orbán was a farmer. When he was young, he lived in two nearby villages, Alcsútdoboz and Felcsút, in Fejér County. He went to school in these villages and also in Vértesacsa. In 1977, his family moved to Székesfehérvár.

When he was 14 and 15 years old, he was part of a youth group called KISZ, which was connected to the communist government. He needed to be in this group to go to university. He finished high school at Blanka Teleki High School in Székesfehérvár in 1981. He studied English there.

After that, he did two years of military service. During this time, he started to change his political beliefs.

In 1983, Orbán started studying law at Eötvös Loránd University in Budapest. His thesis was about the Polish Solidarity movement.

He finished his Juris Doctor degree in 1987. He then worked in Budapest as a sociologist at the Ministry of Agriculture and Food, while living in Szolnok.

In 1989, he got a scholarship from the Soros Foundation to study political science at Pembroke College, Oxford. He was taught by a philosopher named Zbigniew Pełczyński. In January 1990, he left Oxford and came back to Hungary.

He wanted to be a part of Hungary’s first parliament after the communist government.

Career

On March 30, 1988, Viktor Orbán helped start a group called Fidesz, which stood for “Alliance of Young Democrats” in Hungarian.

He was the first person to speak for the group. The first members of this group were mostly students from a college called Bibó István. They didn’t like the Communist government. Orbán also helped make a journal called Századvég with his friends at this college.

On June 16, 1989, Orbán talked in a special place called Heroes’ Square in Budapest. He talked when some important people from Hungary’s past were being buried again.

In his talk, he asked for fair elections and for the soldiers from another country to leave. People liked what he said. In the summer of 1989, he joined some meetings with other people who didn’t like the government. He was part of Fidesz, and he went to these meetings with a man named László Kövér.

After coming back from a university called Oxford, he became a Member of Parliament in 1990. He won the election from his party’s list in Pest County. He was the leader of the Fidesz group in the Parliament until 1993.

In 1993, on April 18, Orbán became the first leader of Fidesz. Before, a group of people helped lead the group together. Under his leadership, Fidesz changed from a group of strong-thinking students to a party that’s more in the middle of the political ideas.

This change in ideas made some members leave. Some went to another party called Alliance of Free Democrats, which was friends with Fidesz before but became an enemy later.

During an election in 1994, Fidesz almost didn’t get enough votes to be in the government. Orbán became a Member of Parliament from a different county list. He did some important jobs in the Parliament, like being in charge of European things.

In 1995, Fidesz changed its name to “Hungarian Civic Party” under Orbán’s leadership. The party became the biggest in the political group that leans more to the right side.

In 1996, Orbán became the head of a committee that talked about a group called the New Atlantic Initiative. He also got an important role in a big group of political parties in Europe.

Orbán got an important job in a worldwide group of liberal parties in 1992. But in 2000, Fidesz left that group and joined a different group called the European People’s Party. Orbán worked hard to bring together other parties that had similar ideas. In 2002, he got an important job in the European People’s Party, which he had until 2012.

On March 30, 1988, Viktor Orbán helped start a group called Fidesz, which stood for “Alliance of Young Democrats” in Hungarian. He was the first person to speak for the group.

The first members of this group were mostly students from a college called Bibó István. They didn’t like the Communist government. Orbán also helped make a journal called Századvég with his friends at this college.

On June 16, 1989, Orbán talked in a special place called Heroes’ Square in Budapest. He talked when some important people from Hungary’s past were being buried again. In his talk, he asked for fair elections and for the soldiers from another country to leave. People liked what he said. In the summer of 1989, he joined some meetings with other people who didn’t like the government. He was part of Fidesz, and he went to these meetings with a man named László Kövér.

After coming back from a university called Oxford, he became a Member of Parliament in 1990. He won the election from his party’s list in Pest County. He was the leader of the Fidesz group in the Parliament until 1993.

In 1993, on April 18, Orbán became the first leader of Fidesz. Before, a group of people helped lead the group together. Under his leadership, Fidesz changed from a group of strong-thinking students to a party that’s more in the middle of the political ideas.

This change in ideas made some members leave. Some went to another party called Alliance of Free Democrats, which was friends with Fidesz before but became an enemy later.

During an election in 1994, Fidesz almost didn’t get enough votes to be in the government. Orbán became a Member of Parliament from a different county list. He did some important jobs in the Parliament, like being in charge of European things.

In 1995, Fidesz changed its name to “Hungarian Civic Party” under Orbán’s leadership. The party became the biggest in the political group that leans more to the right side.

In 1996, Orbán became the head of a committee that talked about a group called the New Atlantic Initiative. He also got an important role in a big group of political parties in Europe.

Orbán got an important job in a worldwide group of liberal parties in 1992. But in 2000, Fidesz left that group and joined a different group called the European People’s Party.

Orbán worked hard to bring together other parties that had similar ideas. In 2002, he got an important job in the European People’s Party, which he had until 2012.

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